Penal Populism (Key Ideas in Criminology) by John Pratt

By John Pratt

Expertly drawing on overseas examples and present literature, Penal Populism closes a niche within the box of criminology. during this interesting disclose of present crime coverage John Pratt examines the function performed via penal populism on tendencies in modern penal policy.

Penal populism is linked to the public's decline of deference to the felony justice institution amidst alarm that crime is uncontrolled. Pratt argues that new media expertise helps to unfold nationwide insecurities and politicians usually are not purely encouraging such sentiments yet also are being led on by way of them. Pratt explains it truly is having so much impression within the improvement of coverage on intercourse offenders, adolescence crime, power criminals and anti-social behaviour.

This topical source additionally covers new dimensions of the phenomenon, including:

  • the altering nature and constitution of the mass media
  • less reliance at the extra orthodox services of civil servants and lecturers
  • limitations to the influence of populism, bureaucratic resistance from judges, legal professionals and teachers and the restorative justice circulate.

This is vital interpreting for college kids, researchers and execs operating in criminology and crime coverage.

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Penal Populism (Key Ideas in Criminology)

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You can’t twist the result around and start shanghai-ing it. I’m a facts and figures merchant and what we have before us is a document that has gone through the whole process . . As far as I’m concerned, the question was plain English. ’4 The nature of his response to a senior civil servant – indeed that he could hold the national media in his thrall as he made it – points to one of the reasons for the rise of penal populism. This is known as ‘the decline of deference’ (Nevitte 1996), a phenomenon taking place across much of modern society which involves a rejection by a large section of the general public of the hitherto unquestioned acceptance of authority or establishment figures and the values they represent.

Now, however, the exclusive ownership of penal debate that such groups previously possessed has been opened up to much more regular and obvious public and political influences. Diminishing the authority of criminal justice officials In the United States in particular, the authority and stature of criminal justice officials has also been undermined by the decline of deference. Here, though, this seems to have been brought about not so much by the fragmentation of social class that has taken place in Britain but instead by the way in which the collapse of the rehabilitative ideal undercut their expertise (Martinson 1974, Allen 1981).

These concepts exemplify the way in which judicial discretion has given way to mandatory sentencing, determined by publicly elected officials or citizens’ ballots; and the way in which time served in prison may be determined at sentencing and made known to the general public rather than covered over by the opaque processes of non-elected parole boards. ’ THE DECLINE OF TRUST IN POLITICIANS AND POLITICAL PROCESSES However, this new involvement of ordinary people or those who claim to speak on their behalf in public and penal affairs is also a reflection of a concomitant decline in trust in politicians and the political processes that have brought them to power: when there is no trust in such individuals or institutions to act on behalf of ‘the people’, then the people will begin to claim this right for themselves, albeit through different channels.

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