Momordica genus in Asia - An Overview by L. K. Bharathi, K. Joseph John

By L. K. Bharathi, K. Joseph John

Illustrated with colour maps and pictures depicting habitat, morphology and distribution of person taxa, this booklet collects details on Asiatic Momordica, together with taxonomy, cytogenetics, crop development, starting place, ethnobotany and crop construction.

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Application of 150 g Single super phosphate and 50 g Muriate of Potash to the basin and top dressing with Urea @ 15 g twice at 4–5 leaf stage and 30 days age are recommended for good yield in sweet gourd (Mishra et al. 1988). For spine gourd, basal application of 4–5 kg well-decomposed farmyard manure or compost, 100 g neem or castor cake, 50 g Urea, 225 g Single Super Phosphate and 90 g Muriate of Potash, along with one-fourth sand and remaining quantity of soil has been found to produce optimum growth of the plant.

This encourages weed seeds to germinate, and then killed with a non-residual herbicide like glyphosate 3 days before planting. Water Management Bitter gourd cannot tolerate drought and water stress can severely reduce the yield and good soil moisture should be maintained in the upper 50 cm of soil where the majority of roots are located. Irrigate at least weekly, beginning from the day of sowing (Desai and Musmade 1998). M. charantia is intolerant to flooding (Reyes et al. 1994), with 4 days of flooding producing 2 Description and Crop Production significant changes in morphology (Liao and Lin 1994).

5 mg/l BAP Agarwal and Kamal (2004) Malik et al. 0 mg/l BAP ? 0 lM TDZ ? 5 lM 2,4 D ? 0 mg/l BA ? 8 mg/l BA ? 08 mg/l NAA ? 2 mg/l BA ? 7 mg/l NAA ? 54 mg/l GA3 (Cotyledon) M. 0 mg1-1 BAP ? 0 mg/l 2,4-D ? 0 mg/l BAP 10 mg/l BA ? 5 mg/l BAP ? 10 mg/l NAA M. balsamina M. 5 mg/l BAP ? 5 mg/l Kn. 3 mg NAA/litre ? 9 lM BA ? 200 mg/l CH 70 mg/l AdSO4 ? 1 mg/l BAP ? 05 mg/l GA3 ? 0 mg/l BAP ? 0 mg/l KN 10 lM Kn ? 40 mM BA ? 0 m (spine gourd) and 3 9 3 m (sweet gourd). For sweet, spine and teasel gourds, provision of 10 % male plant in the field are considered imperative for good fruit set (Bharathi et al.

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