China's Road to the Korean War by Jian Chen

By Jian Chen

By using lately published chinese language files, conversations with People's Republic of China students, and in-depth interviews with those that have been current at key decision-making conferences, this ebook goals to find China and the USSR's roles within the outbreak of the Korean clash.

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Consequently, the CCP leadership’s definition of China’s security interests was deeply penetrated by the party’s revolutionary commitments. In a general sense it is understandable that, in a divided world in which the balance of power had been severely threatened by such factors as the emergence of nuclear weapons and the increasing confrontation of the two superpowers, any country had reasons to feel less secure than ever before. The sense of insecurity on the part of Mao and the CCP leadership, however, was special in several respects in comparison with the typical considerations of insecurity during the early Cold War period.

Second, as a revolutionary strategist, Mao looked into the future. Many revolutionary movements in history have lost their momentum after the victory because their objectives disappeared. When he stressed the continuous existence of external threat to the Chinese revolution after its victory, he had actually issued the most powerful appeal for maintaining its inner dynamics. It is apparent that this approach made it easier for Mao and his fellow CCP leaders to emphasize conflict, rather than reconciliation or accom- Revolutionary Commitments 17 modation, with the Western countries, particularly with the United States.

20 Emergence of a Revolutionary Power The CCP leadership’s introduction of the intermediate zone theory came at a time when China’s civil war had been escalating. Mao and his fellow CCP leaders obviously hoped to use this theory, especially the part about “all reactionaries were paper tigers,” to encourage the whole party to pursue a victorious end in the war against the American-backed GMD regime. In this sense, the theory served the party leadership’s need to mobilize the party to win the civil war.

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