By D. Michael Stoddart (auth.), Dietland Müller-Schwarze, Robert M. Silverstein (eds.)
Research on chemical verbal exchange in animals is in a truly energetic and interesting part; extra species are studied, information are amassing, techniques are altering, and functional software turns out possible. whereas lots of the paintings on chemical ecology and chemical sig nals bargains with bugs, vertebrate verbal exchange presents a powerful problem and growth has been sluggish. Joint efforts and common direct contacts of ecologists, behaviorists, psychologists, physiologists, histologists and chemists are required. Such an interdisciplinary trade of data happened at the party of the Symposium on Chemical signs in Vertebrates and Aquatic Animals in Syracuse, manhattan, from could 31 to June 2, 1979. multiple hundred investigators from seven international locations participated, and the papers provided contain this quantity. because the first Symposium on Vertebrate Chemical signs at Saratoga Springs in 1976, substantial growth has been made with box stories, the body structure of the vomeronasal organ, and its function in reproductive habit. The behavioral capabilities and chemi cal nature of priming pheromones are greater understood. Efforts to isolate and determine mammalian pheromones are gaining flooring, and the bioassays have gotten extra subtle. as well as formal displays, one night of the Symposi um was once dedicated to round-table discussions of specific themes. the chosen issues point out the "growing issues" of chemical communi cation study: priming pheromones, vomeronasal organ, bioassay, and functional applications.
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Extra resources for Chemical Signals: Vertebrates and Aquatic Invertebrates
This typical boreal snow supports very little weight and frequently restricts the movement of animals within the boreal forest (Pruitt, 1957, 1960, 1978; Formozov, 1961). The third category of snow surfaces included trails packed by a number of wildlife species including wolves, elk (Cervus canadensis),deer (Odocoileus hemionus and Q. virginianus), moose (Alces alces), snowshoe hares, red squirrels, other foxes, as well as humans on snowshoes and cross country skis. Foxes also used plowed roads for movement and frequently hunted along the edges of these roadways (Henry, 1976).
Schweiz. Naturforsch. Ges. ZUrich 144, 140-142. Lent, P. 1966. Calving and related social behavior in the barrenground caribou. Z. Tierpsycho1. 23, 702-756. W. 1964. Alarm substances and alarm behaviour in social Hymenoptera. Nature (London) 204, 324-327. MUller-Schwarze, D. 1971. Pheromones in black-tailed deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus. Anim. Behav. 19, 141-152. MUller-Schwarze, D. In prep. Communication in free-living whitetailed deer, Odocoi1eus virginianus semino1us. MUller-Schwarze, D.
He suggested that red foxes appear to use their own as well as each other's urine marks in order to increase the efficiency of their scavenging behavior. It is interesting to examine this point in light of several recent investigations concerning the social organization of red foxes. , 1976). Macdonald (1977) presents information which suggests that these family groups of foxes in some habitats may stay together and occupy the same territory for years. Assuming that family territories are the normal social organization of red foxes and that non-family interlopers on the territory are rare, the mutual use of scent marks during scavenging behavior could be favored by kin selection.