By E. Bruce Nauman
The vintage reference, now extended and updated
Chemical Reactor layout, Optimization, and Scaleup is the authoritative sourcebook on chemical reactors. This new moment version consolidates the newest info on present optimization and scaleup methodologies, numerical equipment, and biochemical and polymer reactions. It offers the excellent instruments and knowledge to assist readers layout and specify chemical reactors hopefully, with cutting-edge talents. This authoritative consultant:
- Covers the basics and rules of chemical reactor layout, in addition to complicated themes and functions
- offers recommendations for facing various actual houses in reactors of all kinds and reasons
- contains a thoroughly new bankruptcy on meso-, micro-, and nano-scale reactors that addresses such subject matters as axial diffusion in micro-scale reactors and self-assembly of nano-scale constructions
- Explains the tactic of fake transients, a numerical answer approach
- comprises feedback for extra interpreting, difficulties, and, while applicable, scaleup or scaledown concerns on the finish of every bankruptcy to demonstrate commercial purposes
- Serves as a prepared reference for defined formulation, ideas, and knowledge
this can be the definitive hands-on reference for training execs and a very good textbook for classes in chemical reactor layout. it really is a vital source for chemical engineers within the approach industries, together with petrochemicals, biochemicals, microelectronics, and water treatment.Content:
Chapter 1 undemanding Reactions in perfect Reactors (pages 1–40):
Chapter 2 a number of Reactions in Batch Reactors (pages 41–87):
Chapter three Isothermal Piston circulate Reactors (pages 89–127):
Chapter four Stirred Tanks and Reactor combos (pages 129–161):
Chapter five Thermal results and effort Balances (pages 163–197):
Chapter 6 layout and Optimization experiences (pages 199–224):
Chapter 7 becoming cost information and utilizing Thermodynamics (pages 225–277):
Chapter eight genuine Tubular Reactors in Laminar move (pages 279–321):
Chapter nine Packed Beds and Turbulent Tubes (pages 323–354):
Chapter 10 Heterogeneous Catalysis (pages 355–384):
Chapter eleven Multiphase Reactors (pages 385–431):
Chapter 12 Biochemical response Engineering (pages 433–460):
Chapter thirteen Polymer response Engineering (pages 461–512):
Chapter 14 Unsteady Reactors (pages 513–533):
Chapter 15 place of dwelling Time Distributions (pages 535–574):
Chapter sixteen Reactor layout at Meso?, Micro?, and Nanoscales (pages 575–600):
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Additional info for Chemical Reactor Design, Optimization, and Scaleup:2nd (Second) edition
If the reaction is reversible, the reverse reaction can have a different order. Thus kf −→ C A + B ←− kr R = k f ab − kr c is second order for the forward reaction and first order for the reverse reaction. Components A, B, . . are consumed by the reaction and have negative stoichiometry coefficients so that m = −ν A , n = −ν B , . . are positive (or zero). For elementary reactions, m and n must be integers of 2 or less and, practically speaking, must sum to 2 or less so that the only real possibilities for elementary reactions are first and second order.
In flow reactors, the concentration changes can be caused by any of convection, diffusion, and reaction. There are four kinds of ideal reactors: 1. The batch reactor 2. The piston flow reactor (PFR) 3. The perfectly mixed continuous flow stirred tank reactor (CSTR) 4. The completely segregated continuous flow stirred tank. This chapter discusses the first three types. These are overwhelmingly the most important. The fourth type is interesting theoretically but has limited practical importance. It is discussed in Chapter 15.
53 to calculate the mean residence time needed to achieve 90% conversion in a CSTR for (a) a first-order reaction and (b) a second-order reaction of the type A + B → products. The rate constant for a first-order reaction has units of reciprocal time. 1 s−1 . The rate constant for a second-order reaction has units of reciprocal time and reciprocal concentration. It is common practice to multiply a second-order rate constant by the initial or inlet concentration of the stoichiometrically limiting coefficient.