By Jandial, Rahul; Neman, Josh; Snyder, Evan Y.; Toy, Eugene C
Examine NEUROSCIENCE within the CONTEXT OF REAL-LIFE sufferers and get ready FOR THE forums
Experience with scientific instances is essential to excelling at the USMLE Step 1 and shelf assessments, and finally to supplying sufferers with powerfuble medical care. Case documents: Neuroscience presents forty nine true-to-life situations that illustrate crucial recommendations during this box. every one case comprises an easy-tounderstand dialogue correlated to crucial uncomplicated technological know-how suggestions, definitions of keyword phrases, neuroscience pearls, and USMLE-style overview questions. With Case records, you are going to study rather than memorize.
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Extra resources for Case Files Neuroscience 2/E, Edition: Second edition
4th ed. San Diego, CA: Academic Press; 2012. CASE 2 An otherwise healthy 54-year-old woman comes to the physician’s office complaining of weakness, initially involving her hands and progressing to her legs over several months. She states that her hands feel stiff and clumsy and that she has difficulty buttoning her clothes or using her keys. She has fallen several times in the past couple of weeks when walking up and down stairs at home. Lately, both she and her husband have noticed that she will “stumble over words” when she talks.
ANSWERS TO CASE 1: Cell Types of the Nervous System Summary: A 53-year-old man with new-onset seizure and a left parietal lobe mass undergoes surgery to resect a primary brain tumor, diagnosed as a GBM. He also receives adjuvant radiation treatment. • Related tumors: Low-grade astrocytomas and anaplastic astrocytomas. • Imaging characteristics: A ring-enhancing lesion in the left parietal lobe with surrounding edema and mass effect. • Neuropathological findings: GBMs exhibit marked hypercellularity, nuclear pleomorphism, microvascular proliferation, and pseudopalisading of tumor cells around areas of necrosis.
Know the classification of neurons based upon morphology. 3. Know the classification of neurons based upon function. DEFINITIONS CYTOSKELETON: The internal network of fibers that form the framework inside a cell. In the neuron, the cytoskeleton consists of three types of filaments—microtubules, neurofilaments, and microfilaments—and determines the shape of the neuron, provides cell rigidity, and creates a mechanism for intracellular transport. SOMA: The cell body of the neuron, which contains the organelles and acts as the metabolic center of the cell.