By Peter von Staden
For the company and govt dating in Japan, the pre-war interval used to be an period of substantial switch. Framed by means of Japan’s nation-building efforts, the connection tailored and advanced with the customarily fluid monetary and political situations. As either company and executive had vested pursuits within the path and good fortune of Japan’s industrialization approach, on one point they turned companions. whilst, even though, they have been either stakeholders within the fiercely aggressive iron and metal undefined.
This ebook explores how that partner-competitor dating labored in the course of the amalgamation of this strategic from 1916 to 1934, demonstrating how either events engaged in significant negotiation during the open discussion board of the Shingikai - or Councils of Deliberation - in the course of the pre-war interval. Drawing upon the unique mins of the debates, it indicates the ways that the members defended their vested pursuits and sought to forge contract, taking the discussion board heavily as a method of influencing results, and never easily as an insignificant workout of artifice deployed to shroud the true locus of decision-making.
Business-Government kin in Prewar Japan is a crucial contribution to the literature at the courting among executive and enterprise in pre-war Japan.
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Extra info for Business-Government Relations in Prewar Japan (Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia)
The example of the coal industry illustrates that ownership and the financial implications of taking on large investments shape the nature of the business and government relationship. We have no unambiguous record of the Meiji decision to assume control of the mines, but we do know that the business elite of the day initially welcomed the state initiative as protection from foreign merchants. We know also that as soon as demands for privatisation of the mines were voiced and private capital was prepared to shoulder the (by then reduced) investment burdens, the mines were quickly turned over to them.
67 Conclusion Industrialization was central to the economic development of prewar Japan. From the outset, Meiji leaders embarked upon a process of nation building that hinged on the creation of an internationally competitive manufacturing base. The Imperial Constitution provided for a new institutional matrix which would frame the deployment of national resources, natural, human and institutional. One would not want to push this too far to suggest that the common man as the Meiji oligarch was equally infused with the vision or verve to push Japan into the ‘modern’ era.
Certainly there are examples indicating that, at least until the 1930s, zaibatsu were quite influential. But there is a decided lack of detail on how this interaction occurred. Assumptions are made on the basis of economic strength, Diet presence or otherwise, that business was having its way or at least having a say. There is thus a clear need for detailed and empirically based work to demonstrate the truth of this. The limitations imposed by the scarcity of documents makes systematic empirical research in this area difficult, but no less necessary.