By W. D. Taylour, Richard Janko
Lord William Taylours excavations at Ayios Stephanos in 1959-77 investigated a port that trusted exchange, fishing and metallurgy. It lay simply north of the most Minoan east-west alternate path through Kythera and exported the infrequent stone lapis lacedaemonius to Cretan workshops. As a Linear A inscription indicates, the positioning illuminates the diffusion of Minoan tradition to the mainland. Ayios Stephanos yielded a stratified pottery series from EH I to LH IIIC, with a holiday on the finish of the Early Bronze Age. research of this series has tremendously more suitable our wisdom of the chronology, clarifying Cretan family with the mainland. there have been 3 levels of EH. After disastrous fires, oblong structures changed the MH I apsidal dwellings, and the road plan got here to resemble Minoan prototypes. The pottery illuminates the discovery of Mycenaen ceramics. in accordance with the fortunes of Crete, the positioning declined in LH IIA, traded with Knossos in LH IIIA1, and declined back. It in short revived in LH IIIC Early, most likely following an inflow of refugees. Then it was once deserted, might be after a bloodbath. Ayios Stephanos used to be reoccupied in c. 1270 advert, whilst a construction with a walled backyard and stables used to be erected to protect the method of Skala alongside the River Vasilopotamos. This section fills a spot in our wisdom, considering that no web site of this era has been excavated south of Corinth. After 1321 a adverse raid plunged the location into oblivion. This booklet reviews the structure and stratigraphy, the burials, the Medieval interval, the pottery and small unearths, the human and different natural is still, the cost trend and the nearby and old context. a variety of figures and plates rfile the implications. Appendices containing techinical analyses, stratigraphic tables and concordances are on an accompanying CD.
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Extra resources for Ayios Stephanos: Excavations at a Bronze Age and Medieval Settlement in Southern Laconia (Supplementary Volume)
Diane mostefficiently the programme copy-edited invaluableorganisational authors. manuscript, suggested astutely changesand liaisedwithitsfar-flung New refinements to thechronology oftheMH pottery necessitated extensiverevisions in 2003-04. at theUniversity ofMichigan, Hartnett, Myresearchassistants Jeremy JaneRempeland SethButton, werea tremendous readerofChapters1-3, and hersharpeye caughtmany help;Janewas thefirst errorsand obscurities. and edited Finally,ElizabethLombardo,Cat Lyonand EroiAhmeddigitised theillustrations; theirhelptoo was indispensable.
7. The lid 4003a is [ThefewLH smallfinds,mainlyfoundin latercontexts, The of the probablyMycenaean. ] THE BRONZE AGE ARCHITECTURE AND STRATIGRAPHY §2 25 Fig. PlanofMH II- III phase. Wall ia is abuttedby wallib, and thenwpartofwallif abutswallii. Anotherwall ofthisperiodwithne-swaxis,wall ii, was foundto underliethene end ofthelaterwall id on the sameaxis,although wallii lay c. 10 cmnwofthelineofwallid and extendedfurther ne thandidwall id. In the central is moreproblematic. Withthenwsectionsofwallsifand ia, and withwallib to theE,itappearedto forma smallroom.
Iii,thehilltopis in factc. ii showsthe hilltopas onlyslightly higherthan35 m. iii. Its disappearance contributed to theinitialfailureto locatetheold 1973 duringmilitary trenches whenthebrushwas clearedin 1973. Accordingly, a different benchmarkwas used during thelaterexcavations. 17 m. 925m. 925 m. 50 m. 575 m-^ut one mustagainstressthat theexactdifference is onlyknownapproximately. Each objectincludedin thisvolumehas been assigneda publication numberin boldtype,ranging from1 to 10113;nota^ numbers areused,sincesuccessiveChaptersfromChapter onwards with the next thousand.