By Eloise Jelinek
Many top figures within the box of Athabaskan languages contributed to this quantity, and their variety of themes suits Robert Young's pursuits. 4 papers care for northern Athabaskan languages, which younger studied within the Nineteen Thirties. the remainder essays specialize in points of Navajo language and tradition; younger has really good during this quarter for over fifty years in collaboration along with his mentor, William Morgan, Sr. a number of essays current distinctive research of verb and sentence constitution in Navajo, are reports of Navajo literacy, one other examines Navajo philosophy, and one bargains the 1st examine of ways young ones research the complexities of the Navajo verb. someone drawn to Navajo experiences or Athabaskan languages will locate those essays precious.
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Additional resources for Athabaskan language studies: essays in honor of Robert W. Young, Edition: 1st
This sort of "incorporation" is extremely widespread in the languages of the world, being responsible for derivations which do not involve overt morphology. , derived by incorporating the corresponding nouns into the empty phonological matrix of a governing verb, a process which will figure presently in our discussion of the transitivity asymmetry at issue here. , the use exemplified in (4a). In that use, the lexically defined "internal" subject, DP, functions as sentential subject as wellwe assume it raises in sentential syntax, out of the verbal projection to a position (presumably, the specifier of I(nfl)) in which it is appropriately licensed (assigned structural case and construed with subject agreement).
The copula is also associated with Passive VOICE in many languages, and both auxiliaries are associated with Aspect. Languages where these functional heads are "strong" or syntactically overt resemble more closely in surface form the kind of structure assumed for Logical Form by Parsons (1990). The "main" verb has a set of lexical semantic features, and introduces the event (or "eventuality") argument, but does not itself introduce either the internal or external argument. However, there is still dependency between the verb and its argument array at the level of interpretation of the sentence.
Returning to the simple transitivity alternation, it is a fact that the set of Navajo verbs participating in it is rather large. The following list is a sample, in addition to the verbs illustrated in the sentences of (4-7): However, many verbs do not enter participate in this alternation. Setting aside verbs which ate basically transitive, intransitive verbs lacking a simple Page 6 transitive counterpart are probably as numerous as those that do. The intransitive verbs upon which the causatives of (8-10) are based represent this latter type.