By Donald B. Redford
We're tremendously indebted to Dr. Redford for this thorough piece of labor. It illustrates the necessity for monographs which may assemble jointly the collected result of sustained examine with extra amplitude than is feasible in an editorial and extra aspect than is feasible in a remark. there are numerous different specified chunks of culture within the OT, really within the Pentateuch, which deserve such therapy. Redford's paintings features a finished evaluate of earlier paintings, a clean and painstaking exam of numerous salient matters, and a few positive conclusions.
The distinctive difficulties provided by way of the Joseph tale warrant exam in detachment from the remainder of the Pentateuch. As Redford's paintings indicates, too many matters were prejudged simply because effects (or hypotheses) derived from surrounding fabrics were authorized to steer, if to not dictate, the end result of investigating Genesis 37-50. A parade instance is using the divine names, and different contrastive vocabulary-pairs, as hallmarks of the resource records J and E. As Redford indicates, Yahweh is particular to ch. 39. additionally, different pairs, like Israel/Jacob, whereas no longer correlating with this primary clue, do need to a point a concomitant distribution with the Judah/Reuben motifs.
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Extra info for A Study of the Biblical Story of Joseph (Genesis 37-50) (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum, Vol. XX)
30 THE SYNTAX OF THE JOSEPH STORY 8. " See the discussion below, p. 135 f. 9. " See the discussion below, p. 145 f. 10. " Lacking in LXX + Copt. Suggested purpose: prudishness. 1 11. " Lacking in some Hebrew MSS. Suggested purpose: to stress Joseph's innocence. He did not really flee, since there was no occasion for flight. 2 12. 39: 20, meqom 'aser 'asire hamme/els, ,dsiirim, "the place where the king's prisoners were incarcerated," a gloss on #j hassohar. Hamme/els, is a hapax in the Joseph Story.
Kraeling, Rand-McNally Bible Atlas (New York, 1956), 91. THE JUDAH-TAMAR INTERLUDE 17 of the Book of Ruth. l Both Tamar and Ruth share the desire, which is eventually realized in both cases, to raise up heirs for their deceased husbands. Both women, moreover, together with their husbands, belong to the direct ancestry of King David. Could it be that we have in both stories remnants of a cycle of legends dealing with David's descent, the main purpose of which was to show how, although time and again apparently on the verge of dying out, the Judaic line which was to produce the great king survived?
2 (b) Semantic Subject in Front Position. The second means of expanding the basic Binary Construction is by prefixing the semantic subject to the whole. This results in the ternary patternSemantic Subject - Semantic Predicate - Copula -which is found nine times in the Joseph Story, seven in the context of dream interpretation. Cf. 40: 12, mose! hassiirigim mose! " 3 The reason for the use of this unexpected pattern is the demand made by the stock formula of dream interpretation. The explanation of a symbol can only follow the statement of that symbol, producing an ascending emphasis; predicate in this case must follow subject.