A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in by John W. I. Lee

By John W. I. Lee

Professor Lee offers a social and cultural background of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got frequently been portrayed as a unmarried summary political group, this e-book finds that lifestyles within the military was once in general formed via a suite of smaller social groups: the formal unit corporation of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It comprises complete therapy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic relatives among the warriors, gear and shipping, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and consuming, sanitation and therapy, and plenty of different themes. It additionally accords unique recognition to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historic literary and archaeological facts, old and smooth comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and smooth warfare reviews. This e-book is key analyzing for an individual engaged on historical Greek struggle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.

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In the early twentieth century, the region below the Araxes was hospitable to grazing and non-irrigation agriculture only in spring; see Naval Intelligence Division (1943) 35–6, Naval Intelligence Division (1944) 26–8. 35 An. 7; cf. Engels (1978) 68. An. 6–7. The march route 25 welcomed. 36 The locals soon crossed the river themselves, setting up an impromptu market on the left bank. 37 The mercenaries did not know it at the time, but Charmande was their last chance to rest before the decisive encounter with Artaxerxes.

151 The Cyreans by the summer of 400 bc were probably the most versatile, battle-hardened fighting force in the Greek world, better even perhaps than the Spartans, whose real strength lay largely in hoplite warfare. The army on the Black Sea coast, though, did not always fight as a team. There were too many temptations to go after provisions or plunder alone, and on several occasions small raiding units came to bad ends when their intended prey turned about and bit back hard. 152 The Arcadian and Achaean hoplites had a different problem at Calpe.

18 The march route 19 Recovering the geographical, logistical, and military aspects of each period is the easier part of the task. Xenophon of course provides the core of our evidence; modern topographical, anthropological, and agricultural research helps fill in what he leaves out. For climate and weather, including temperature, precipitation, sunlight, and winds, we can correlate Xenophon’s testimony with modern climatological and astronomical data. 3 Performing this correlation, however, requires fixing an absolute chronology for the march.

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